sculpture park. 2011
was the outcome of a research residency based at Yorkshire
Sculpture Park throughout 2010 to study the bee populations
of the Bretton Estate.
I surveyed the parkland for species of bumblebees and
solitary bees and all the plants they feed on.
After setting up two honey beehives on site I shadowed
beekeeper Ivor Flatman to learn beekeeping skills and
observe the life cycle of the honey bee at close range.
Bombus pratorum, Bombus lucorum, Bombus
gouache on Moleskin paper 2011
the spring, summer and autumn of 2010 I surveyed the
Bretton Estate to identify bee species found around the
site. In total 9 species of bumblebee and 7 species of
solitary bee were found:
bohemicus Gypsy Cuckoo-bee
Wool Carder Bee
Honey bee (Apis
colonies were introduced into hives on the site in spring.
They were originally sited at the boathouse on the lake at
YSP, but are now located behind the Garden
YSP Map of Bees April 2010
YSP Map of Bees May 2010
YSP Map of Bees July 2010
All ink on tracing paper (AO in size) 2010
of maps by Jonty Wilde
All plants that bees were noted feeding on were plotted and
I collected and pressed plant specimens to mount them onto
paper. Each is labelled (with date, location and any notes)
and stamped (with the date of mounting on to paper).
Plant specimens on paper (A3 in size) label, ink stamp.
Series of 25, 2010
of specimen sheet by Jonty Wilde
I collected and examined dead bees with the help of Adam
Wilcox, forensic entomologist at the University of Central
Top: digital image of bee wing
Middle: digital image of bee wing
Wooden boxes, LCD screen, veneer. 2011
Each box 30 x 36 x 18 cm
the research period I read the book
The Feminine Monarchie or A Treatise Concerning Bees and
the Due Ordering of Them: Wherein the Truth Found out by
Experience and Diligent Observation
by Charles Butler published in 1609. It wasn’t until 1586
that the head bee in a hive was recognised as a female, and
it was Charles Butler who was the first to publish this
news in his book. I was most intrigued by his
visualisations of queen bee voices in the book.
the residency at YSP I spent hours in front of the bee
hives recording the sound of the bees and then transcribed
the noises onto paper.
drawing through carbon paper onto paper
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